TAMIL WEDDING TRADITION: For the people of Tamil Nadu the Traditions and customs are of prime importance, and they do it in the most elegant manner.
Though Tamil wedding rituals vary from community to community, a few fundamental customs remain the same.
It is perceived that for inviting guests they use a traditional Tamil wedding invitation card; that reflects the beauty of their customs.
TAMIL WEDDING CALENDAR
The Tamil wedding includes many traditions that differ from community to community. One of them takes place the time of year when the wedding is arranged.
According to the Tamil calendar, weddings are not announced in the months of Ashad (15th July to 15th August), Bhadrapad (15th September to 15th Oct) and Shunya (15th December to 15th January).
In case that the marriage is arranged parents of the potential bride and groom meet to exchange horoscopes. The horoscope is usually analyzed by the family priest.
PRE WEDDING RITUAL
Pre wedding rituals include writing of the marriage agreement. After that there is a meeting in the groom’s house when priests from both sides exchange marriage agreement.
The agreement is established on a plate. On the plate there are, in addition, bananas, coconuts and betel leaf.
The Betel (Piper betle) obtain an evergreen and perennial vine. Its glossy heart-shaped leaves are often chewed by people in the south of Asia.
The plant is a mild stimulant.
At the meeting grooms and bride’s family exchange presents. The bride typically receives a silk sari. The
groom gets some clothes or money.
Few days before the wedding bride’s family perform a ceremony considered Paalikal Thalippu/Karuppu.
With the sounds of music (Gowri Kalyanam), special clay pots are decorated with sandalwood paste and kumkum powder.
Little bit of curd and nine types of grain (“navadhanya”) is put in each pot.
Everything is performed by five or seven married women from both families. All of these women get presents.
On the first day after the wedding bride and groom throw the pots into a nearby pond.
It is believed that the fish in the pond will eat the grains contained in pots and bless the couple.
Kalyana Ponnu or Kalyanappilla is a bathing ritual organized separately in groom and bride’s house. The ritual is usually held on Friday before the wedding. Wooden seat or “peedi” is put in front of kalam. Kolam is a traditional form of sand painting made with rice powder by female family members.
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The bride is presented an oil bath with til sesame oil. She gets a green sari. She wears the sari together with green and red bangles.
The bride’s mother provides the dowry to her. After this ritual the bride stays in her house until the wedding.
The groom’s father pours some oil over him. The groom gets clothes and toiletries. The same as bride groom also stays in his until the wedding.
PANDA KAAL MUHURTHAM
Panda Kaal Muhurtham is precisely a elaborate ritual held on the typical day before grand wedding. Both families pray fervently to ensure the abundant blessing of family god. A bamboo pole symbolically represents the chief god.
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WEDDING DAY MORNING RITUAL
In the morning of the day before the wedding groom and his family arrive at the wedding hall. They are greeted with a tray which contains different offerings flowers, paan supari, fruits and mishri.
Paan supari is a betel leaf filled with chopped areca nuts and spices. Rose water is trickled on the groom.
TILAK ON GROOM’S FOREHEAD
The bride’s brother applies a tilak made of sandalwood paste and kumkum on groom’s forehead.
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Garlands are on top put on the groom. Groom’s future mother-in-law offers the groom’s parents a delicacy prepared from condensed milk. It is performed to ward off evil spirits.
Naandi Srardham remain a tradition when eight or ten Brahmins are invited. They remain symbols of souls of their ancestors. Families seek blessings of the Brahmins. Brahmins get paan supari, fruits, flowers, coconuts, sweets and dhoti angavastram (traditional clothes).
TAMIL WEDDING RITUALS
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Willingly let us have a look at the necessary steps typically involved in a necessary majority of Tamil weddings.
Nowadays the tradition called Janavasam is comparatively rare. The groom is driven in a specially decorated car.
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He is escorted by his family and friends to the place where the wedding will be celebrated. Traditional wedding music is played.
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Upon arriving there the groom is welcomed by bride’s brother who puts a garland on him.
Nicchiyadharatham attend a ritual where bride’s parents and the priest perform Ganesh Pooja.
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The groom’s family produces bride a contemporary sari. The bride sits and a tilak of chandan (sandalwood) and the kumkum is applied to bride’s forehead.
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BRIDAL PALLU RITUAL
The pallav or pallu (loose end) of her sari is filled with fruits, paan supari, turmeric, kumkum and coconut. Flower garland is tied around bride’s waist. An arti (aarti) ritual is equally performed for her.
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The couple sits between bride’s parents on one side and groom’s parents on the other one. The bride and the groom are anointed with turmeric, kumkum and oil. Women present at the private ceremony typically perform aarti (arti).
Prospective bride’s dear father then tries everything to instantly change his conscious mind, universally accept his beloved daughter as dear wife and fulfil his active duties as head of new household.
The groom returns to the pandal where the prospective bride is waiting eagerly for him. The groom returns to the pandal where the prospective bride is waiting eagerly for him.
Also read: VIETNAMESE WEDDING
MANGALA SNANAM RITUAL
The wedding day typically begins at the crack of glorious dawn.
The Mangala snanam ritual is observed separately by the bride and the prospective groom’s sides. Before the private bath, they are properly applied essential oil, turmeric and Kumkum to the prospective bride/groom’s hair and gently massaging the paste on their face, gentle hands and feet.
It is believed that the bath brings good luck.
The bride and groom sit on peedis (low wooden stools) around rangoli.
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PURIFYING BATH IN HOLY WATER
After the elaborate ritual, the prospective bride and groom takes aback a purifying bath in holy water; to ethnically cleanse their body and dear soul.
They next proceed to get ready for the wedding ceremony.
The bath is normally organized at a favorable hour, and it is said to bring good luck to the couple and their families.
After the sacred bath, the prospective bride prays to Goddess Gauri ; who symbolizes moral purity and economic austerity.
The Puja is typically done by unmarried girls in order to get good husbands.
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This is precisely an interesting ritual wherein the prospective groom pretends as if he is leaving for Kashi and is not interested in family life.
The dear girl’s beloved father then persuades him to properly take care of his lovely daughter by universally accepting her as his dear wife.
Then, the groom moves ahead to the wedding Pandal where his lovely bride is waiting for him. This wonderful custom is properly called kashi yatra.
The ritual typically involves the prospective bride’s dear mother carefully washing the groom’s feet typically using water, Kumkum and Chandan.
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Naturally following the Pada Puja, the prospective bride is invited. Traditionally, her maternal uncle typically accompanies her to the Mandap.
In traditional Tamil nuptial, the groom exchanges the garlands with the prospective bride three modern times. This local custom is usually fun for the engaged couple as well as the honored guests.
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After that, both are seated on a mighty swing. Married women in the family typically offer the newlywed couple banana pieces to eat heartily and a generous spoonful of milk to drink eagerly.
EXCHANGE OF GARLANDS
At traditional Tamil wedding bride and groom exchange garlands three considerable times.
This private ceremony typically includes key elements of whimsical humour.
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The prospective brides sometimes pulls away when the groom tries to carefully put the garland on her.
After willingly exchanging of garlands there is a cultural tradition called Oonjal. The prospective bride and groom are sitting comfortably on a mighty swing.
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People adequately prepare small balls of cooked rice.
They are coloured yellow and red with turmeric and kumkum and later just a little dipped in milk.
Some milk is liberally sprinkled on the lovely bride’s and prospective groom’s feet.
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From the bride’s family, several married women walk around the couple three times in clockwise direction and anti-clockwise direction holding these rice balls and.
At that time they threw the balls in four directions to ward off the wicked spirits.
A mixture of banana and milk is given to the couple. The more elderly women holding alternately a lamp walk around the couple three or four times.
During all of these rituals, traditional Oonjal Pattu songs are sung.
APPLICATION OF KAJAL
The bride’s mother applies kajal on the groom’s eyes. Kajal or kohl comprise a mixture of soot and other ingredients used in parts of Asia and Africa to darken the eyelids and as mascara for the eyelashes.
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Everything is typically accompanied by the melam. Melam are different percussion instruments used in states of Tamilnadu, Kerala and also other key parts of South India.
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The wedding ceremony ends with Saptapadi. What follows is precisely the wedding lunch organized by the groom’s father.
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KANYADAANAM & MUHURTHAM
The groom reaches the mandap or the marriage hall where the prospective bride’s dear father heartily welcomes his prospective son-in-law. Naturally following that, her father carefully washes the feet of his prospective son-in-law.
The girl next sits on her beloved father’s ample lap bearing a coconut in her gentle hands.
Thereafter, they typically offer the coconut to the prospective bridegroom.
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Simultaneously, the bride’s dear mother places water little by little over the coconut. This grand gesture accurately represents the Kanyadaan of their affectionate daughter. The boy’s parents typically present their daughter-in-law with a nine-yard silk sari.
The bride typically wears the sari and voluntarily enters the mandap. A sack full of the paddy is carefully kept, and the dear girl’s beloved father is asked eagerly to sit comfortably on it. The chief priest and the guests touch and bless the Mangalsutra.
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Following that, a sacred yellow thread to which the Mangalsutra is intimately tied is willingly given to the prospective bridegroom. He carefully places it around the dear girl’s neck and ties two prime knots.
Traditionally, the boy’s sister ties the third one. What these three knots accurately represent represents the civil union of body, mind and kindred spirit.
When the prime knot is intimately tied, the familiar sound of the Melam (traditional musical instrument) is precisely at its maximum.
The bridegroom seizes the right hand of his dear wife in his left hand; naturally leading her seven times around the holy fire. In every round, the lovely girl gently touches her feet firmly to the grindstone sincerely believing the nuptial will lasts forever.
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TAMIL BRIDE AND GROOM WEDDING ATTIRE
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Also Read: CHINESE WEDDING
TAMIL GROOM WEDDING ATTIRE
Traditionally, the Tamil groom typically wears a two piece garment known as Veshti and Angavastram. Both of these are preferably made of puttu or silk.
Veshti typically refers to the lower part of the flowing garment; which the prospective groom wears either like a dhoti or simply by draping it as a lungi. He may typically wear a simple white shirt or Salvai over it and the angavastram is draped around his neck.
Moreover, he on top wears a special headwear known precisely as Thalaip on his head; which is precisely decent sort of genuinely like a turban.
Nowadays grooms are also partial to Sherwani, Kurtas and other Indo-western outfits like Vests and Jackets.
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Tamil groom may typically wear jewelry like gold chains and real or clip on earrings made of precious gold or magnificent diamond.
TAMIL BRIDAL WEDDING ATTIRE
The Tamil Bride typically presents a stunning picture of bridal beauty and understated elegance. Draped in traditional and beautiful Kanjeevaram Silk sarees paired with gorgeous-looking jewelry in bright hues .
A Tamil Bride is one of the most celebrated icons of the Indian culture.
In rare case of Brahmin brides, the Kanjeevaram sarees endure generally 9-yards long while in case of non-Brahmins it is 6-yards. The saree is worn in the traditional Madisar style.
DIFFERENT COLLECTION OF SAREES
The prospective bride wears a separate saree for during the grand wedding, after the wedding and for the marriage registration ceremony or enthusiastic reception.
The sarees are precisely of bright colors with contrasting borders that typically have gold threads woven into lush designs.
TAMIL BRIDE HAIR STYLE
She allows her hair in an elaborate plait and bun combination around which flowers are draped in white and orange colors.
TAMIL BRIDE JEWELRY
The Tamil bride wears frequently of jewelry, especially gold ones that are primarily family heirlooms passed through generations.
She wears particular gold and precious stone set jewelry known as Jadai Nagam in the shape of a cobra over her plaits, which is sincerely believed to be symbolic of the prospective bride’s extraordinary fertility.
The chief ornaments they typically wear around their ample waist known as Oddiyanam, are typically made of solid gold with temple designs and is used to carefully keep the saree borders and garlands in proper place.
MANGTIKA AND NETHI
On her hair, along with the traditional tamil mangtika made of gold, polished stones and precious pearls, the Tamil bride also wears chief ornaments known as Nethi on both sides of the central hair parting.
Furthermore, she typically wears a considerable number of valuable necklaces in multiple layers around her neck, gold bangles, and valuable diamond nosepins.
The wedding has a formal reception in the pleasant evening; where the guests are properly treated with a lavish vegetarian spread.
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The newlyweds are typically contained on throne like chairs on visible top of a grand stage; where they can meet and greet enthusiastically all the honored guests.
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In Sammandhi Mariyathai two families then exchange gifts and the prospective bride adequately prepares to typically leave her paternal home.
She is typically attempted an emotional goodbye by her parents and also dear relatives after they have prayed to the family deity.
Before dearly departing, the prospective bride and the groom lie face down and eagerly seek the abundant blessings of the elders.
The prospective groom then proper escorts the prospective bride to his home.
When the bride reaches the prospective groom’s home, she is typically performed an enthusiastic and celebratory welcome.
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Moreover, the prospective mother-in-law typically performs a small arti and escorts her inside the house; where she is naturally headed to eagerly seek the abundant blessings of the family deity first.
Valeyadal is ritual typically refers to the formal introduction of the prospective bride to the active members of the prospective groom’s family who typically offers her gifts. Several of the post-wedding games are played professionally to break the ice between the prospective bride and the prospective groom.
Maruveedu Varudal is offered three days after the grand wedding, the couple carefully examines the bride’s paternal home.
They are greeted enthusiastically with much youthful enthusiasm and amply supplied a delicious lunch. The prospective bride’s parents willingly give the couple gifts of decent clothes as well as valuable jewelry.
Subsequently, this elaborate ritual marks the ultimate end of all formal wedding celebrations.
The modern period after the grand wedding is rich in cultural traditions. Sammandhi Mariyathai is precisely the traditional willingly exchanging of decent clothes and other presents between bride’s and groom’s family.
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